Small-Sided Soccer Game (1v1) In Goalkeepers’ Training

Football is characterized by a large number of 1v1 situations that require excellent technical and tactical skills and very good motor and mental preparation.

Modern motor preparation is developing rapidly, many coaches are introducing new methods and forms of training. Training exercises are developed in the context of ergonomics and their structure is supposed to be similar to match conditions.

That is the reason why the correct programming of the training process should be based on the results of physiological and biochemical monitoring during exercise with characteristics of the efforts performed in a match or in a real game.

Using 1v1 duels seems to be right in order to train players in a complex way.

How the Study was Setup

Small-sided soccer games, i.e. 1v1 are often used in training, which results in a composite influence on the player.

Training exercises stimulated in the game allow to master many skills, form habits and modify behaviors associated with solving specific situations during a match. The aim of the study was to assess the intensity of exercise during a 1v1 game for goalkeepers.

8 goalkeepers participated in the experiment (body weight 80.63 ±3.50 kg, body height 184.69 ±3.71 cm, BMI 23.64 ±0.74). All goalkeepers played 1v1 games.

During the small-sided game, players can use all the goalkeeper techniques to score a goal. During all of the matches, heart rate (HR) was recorded using a sports tester, LA was measured in the second minute after the end of each game.

What the Results Showed

There was also collected data determining the subjective assessment of the effort made by the players using Borg scale (RPE).

The highest average HR and RPE were recorded in the third match, respectively (192.38 ±8.07 b/min; 14.38 ±2.07), while in the first match the examined parameters were on average 186 ±8.85 b/min; 11.38 ±1.51, and in the second 186.00 ±8.09 b/min; 13.50 ±1.85 respectively.

The highest LA level was recorded after the second match and equaled 7.71 ±2.07 mmol/l (7.06 ±3.54 after the first match and 7.5 ±1.37 after the third match).

Goalkeeper Diving

Practical Application

  • The 1v1 game expresses same average exercise intensity to the high-intensity, scoring- opportunity situations and conditions of competitive match-play.


  • It shows the level of intensity required by players at the most important decisive aspects of the game.


  • Therefore, the requirement of coaches to train players to prepare for these divisive actions both from an attacking and defending perspective is very obvious and fundamental to the training process or all levels of the game.

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