The main androgen, testosterone, affects a variety of parameters such as body composition, muscle metabolism and function, protein synthesis, and muscle mass.18,23.
These parameters are related to the ability to perform efficiently during exercise.23,35,39.
Furthermore, previous findings from different athletic populations indicate a linear relationship between maximal explosive force, 5 force production, 22 jumping and sprinting ability 8,30,32 and testosterone levels. The association between testosterone and exercise is bidirectional, i.e. testosterone affects exercise and is affected by it.
Testosterone response to exercise is a result of a combination of different factors such as volume, intensity, type of exercise, and training status of the subjects.
To examine the effects of three seasonal training programs, largely different in strength volume, on androgen levels and performance parameters in soccer players.